A visit to the massive Itaipu Dam … [Brazil/Paraguay]

To be frank, until I started my research for the South American trip, I had not heard of Itaipu Dam. When I actually saw the dam, I realized its size and its impact. The dam is situated right at the Brazil/Paraguay border. Itaipu dam is considered a marvel of the Modern World. Itaipu dam is the World’s largest in terms of energy production.

IMG_20180627_115629
Itaipu Dam. 22M visitors in 40 years (1977-2017). Brazil had 10M of them. Then Argentina (4M), Paraguay (3.8M), Germany, Chile, USA, France, Spain, China, Italy Etc. India has 7570. The Visitor Center has English-speaking and very helpful staff. I bought ticket for the Panoramic Tour. There is also one with the Interiors of the Hydro-Electric Dam. I am not too much into Electrical/Mechanical mumbo-jumbo 🙂 Built by Brazil and Paraguay. One of the 7 Engineering Wonders of the World. Built on River Parana. 8 huge 196m tall concrete towers. There were many controlled explosions (58 Tons of Dynamite) during its construction, mainly to divert Parana River foe the Dam’s construction. There was 8 times more tunneling than EuroTunnel, so it is claimed. Workers did a good job of saving the Flora and Fauna, from the resultant flooding. Itaipu Dam has 18 Generator Units. Each capable of supporting 2.5M people! The Dam sustains the entire region, by revenue sharing with local communities. The largest Hydro-Electric Plant in the World (Three Gorges Dam, China, is close competition).
I was the ONLY English-speaking Tourist during my Itaipu visit. In a way, I am proud of such occurrences during my trips, for it is proof that I am staying away from the typical overcrowded “everyone has done that” kind of Itineraries 🙂 In fact, I enjoy being the Odd-One-Out. E.g. The 2-3 Indians I saw in this trip were all in Rio (With valid reason. Rio kicks Sao Paulo’s and Brasilia’s ass when it comes to Tourist Attractions. If you can visit only one city in Brazil, then it has to be Rio de Janeiro, IMHO).
There was a 20min Video in an Auditorium, to introduce the Itaipu Dam and explain what it means to Brazil, Paraguay and the World. Then comes a Bus Tour. At 15:35 firecrackers could be heard outside, and I knew Brasil had scored a goal against Serbia 🙂
The Dam has a 10Km long Fish-Spawning Channel, supposedly the longest in the World. Enough concrete to build 250 stadiums was used for the construction. The huge water pipes have 11m diameter. We briefly cross into Paraguay (Note this is a Bi-National area). This Dam takes care of 70% of Paraguay’s energy needs. We pass through a tunnel which is below the Overflow Outlets (It was cold inside). The Reservoir has 8 artificial beaches. There are Boat Tours in the Reservoir. The town of Foz do Iguacu was formed as a result of Itaipu workers’ migration, from various parts of Brazil and Paraguay. Itaipu produces as much energy in a day as 500K barrels of Oil, that too Clean Energy.
IMG_20180627_115439
The Itaipu Dam created a huge reservoir area … With wonderful colors.
IMG_20180627_115747
Foz do Iguacu … From the plane, as we are landing …
IMG_20180627_142140
Itaipu Dam Visitor Center … Very helpful and friendly staff. The Brazil WC 2018 game was going on when I entered the place …
IMG_20180627_143349
22 million visitors in 40 years … Not bad.
IMG_20180627_143507
A model of the Itaipu Dam interiors …
IMG_20180627_143557
A great aerial photo of Itaipu Dam … At the Visitor Center.
IMG_20180627_144421
India has had 7570 visitors …
IMG_20180627_144953
Various photos depicting the construction of Itaipu Dam …
IMG_20180627_145021
Orchestra … What a location!
IMG_20180627_145229
Sao Tome e Principe has had one visitor! Never heard of Sao Tome e Principe before …
IMG_20180627_145259
Kiribati has had one visitor! Never heard of Kiribati before …
IMG_20180627_155840
One of the view points … Itaipu Dam, Foz do Iguacu.
IMG_20180627_155948
The Itaipu Dam Tour Bus …
IMG_20180627_160641
Itaipu Dam … Binacional Area … Brazil and Paraguay.
IMG_20180627_161310
The huge 11-meter-diameter pipes …
IMG_20180627_161853
Overflow vents … There is a tunnel below these vents.
IMG_20180627_161934
The Panoramic Tour … Itaipu Dam. The ride over the Dam.

 

 

 

Adios!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s